June 11, 2024

Types of Pallet Racking

An efficient racking system ensures optimal use of warehouse space, streamlined inventory management, and improved workflow efficiency. However, with many racking options available, selecting the right rack type can be challenging. Factors including required height, stored goods variety, floor layout, inventory system, and forklift specifications play a crucial role in narrowing down the options. To ease this decision-making process, here’s a concise guide to determine the most suitable racking solution for your warehouse based on seven different types. 

Not sure what type is best for your application? Let an experienced Adaptec Solutions Sales Engineer help!

1. Selective Pallet Racking

This is the most common type of pallet racking system, offering direct access to each pallet. It’s suitable for warehouses with high turnover rates and a need for easy accessibility. It does not require any additional infrastructure or specialized equipment to function properly.

  • Who would benefit: Warehouses with a wide variety of SKUs and frequent stock turnover.

2. Pallet Flow Racking

This rack permits dense storage by eliminating all aisles except the entrance and existing aisles. The pallets are loaded at the top end of the slightly inclined rack. Then, pallets glide safely and effortlessly at a controlled rate to the front of the storage lane. 

  • Who would benefit: Warehouses with high-volume applications and a need for automatic stock rotation that requires first-in-first-out inventory management. 

3. Drive-In Pallet Racking

Pallets are stored on rails, allowing forklifts to drive directly into the rack structure. Its compressed design maximizes storage density and is ideal for storing large quantities of similar products with low turnover rates, or when FIFO is not critical.

  • Who would benefit: Warehouses with high-volume storage needs and high quantity of same SKUs.

4. Drive-Through Pallet Racking

Similar to drive-in racking but with access points at both ends, allowing forklifts to drive through the rack structure. This system saves time on retrieving pallets.

  • Who would benefit: Warehouses requiring both FIFO and LIFO inventory management.

5. Push-Back Pallet Racking

Allows for pallets to be stored several pallets deep on a slight upward incline, providing multiple picking faces with high throughput. It’s ideal for warehouses with many different SKUs.

  • Who would benefit: Warehouses with high-density storage needs and a variety of products.

6. Cantilever Racking

Designed for storing long, bulky items such as lumber, pipes, or metal. It features arms that extend from vertical columns, allowing for easy loading and unloading.

  • Who would benefit: Warehouses storing oversized or irregularly shaped items.

7. Double Deep Racking

Stores pallets two deep or oversized pallets, allowing for higher storage density compared to selective racking. It requires specialized forklifts with longer reach to access the rear pallets.

  • Who would benefit: Warehouses needing high storage density and efficient picking.

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